An abscessed tooth refers to an infection at the tooth’s root, usually caused by untreated tooth decay. The infection causes a pus-filled sore on your gums that can cause various symptoms, including tooth pain. Treatment of a tooth abscess isn’t something you can handle at home, so it’s important to seek emergency dental services to prevent the infection from spreading.
The most obvious sign of a dental abscess is the pocket of pus that appears on the gums. It usually looks like a pimple, and it can be accompanied by other symptoms including:
1. Throbbing or shooting pain from the affected tooth
2. Bad breath
4. Swollen lymph nodes
5. Irritated gums
6. Difficulty eating, speaking, or swallowing
Additionally, untreated abscessed teeth can lead to serious complications. As the infection progresses, it can cause nausea, vomiting, chills, and diarrhea. In extreme cases, the infection could obstruct airways or spread to other parts of the body, including the heart, lungs, and brain. Though it’s rare, an untreated dental abscess can result in death.
Dental abscesses usually occur due to untreated tooth decay or gum disease. However, some people may develop abscessed teeth due to underlying medical conditions and weakened immune systems.
Though you can temporarily treat an abscessed tooth by alleviating pain with over-the-counter painkillers, it’s important to see a dentist about an abscessed tooth. Even if the pain subsides, the underlying infection must be drained and treated by a dentist to prevent the infection from spreading.
Of note, if the abscessed tooth ruptures before you can get to a dentist, try a warm salt water rinse to keep the infection stable and encourage the wound to drain. Seek emergency dental services as soon as possible to have the area properly treated.
The only person with the skills to permanently treat an abscess tooth is a dentist. Professional abscessed tooth treatment involves carefully draining the wound via a root canal. Your dentist will cleanse the area and remove any damaged tissue. It’s likely that you will require a root canal or tooth extraction to properly handle the abscessed tooth.